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Cards and currencies

Over the past thirty years there has been a widespread growth of store cards and points systems in the commercial sector. Air miles and Nectar points are now part of daily life.  They create their own protected economies with discounts for particular products and services from specified places. The growth of parallel mechanisms to favour the social economy has been primarily geared at promoting the local economy. There remains scope for a considerable expansion of these methods to promote social and environmental goods and services.