Information, accounting and statistics
Information and accounting systems can block innovation; in many cases, they will need to be re-organised to enable or re-enforce systemic change. What gets measured shapes what gets done. In many fields, attempts are underway to reshape measurement to better handle holistic systems effects. So while familiar data on income, employment, diseases or educational achievement continues to be gathered, there is growing interest in other types of measure that may give more insights into what needs to be done: for example focusing on fear of crime as well as crime; on cultures of health behaviour as well as physical disease; on trust in institutions as well as their formal processes.