Formation for developing skills and cultures
The formation or training and shared orientation of those engaged in the venture plays a critical role in providing cohesion to social ventures. It informs the articulation of the venture’s central purpose. It provides meaning for those working for the venture, for investors and volunteers, and it gives to the venture a living, reflexive power that is not limited to particular individuals or levels in the organisation but to all those involved. This is important, too, for public innovation, through, for example, bodies like the National School of Government (NSG) and the Improvement and Development Agency for local government (IDeA), CELAP in China or the Australia and New Zealand School of Government - ANZSOG.