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Necessity is often the mother of invention, but crises can also crush creativity. One of the definitions of leadership is the ability to use the smallest crisis to achieve the greatest positive change. Many nations have used economic and social crises to accelerate reform and innovation and in some cases have used the crisis to deliberately accelerate social innovation. New Orleans after Hurricane Katrina is one example (for example or the New Orleans institute for Resilience and Innovation); China’s much more effective response to the Szechuan earthquake is another. Both, in very different ways, institutionalised innovation as part of the response.