Integrated user centred data
Integrated user centred data such as Electronic Patient Records in the UK, which when linked through grid and cloud computing models provide the capacity to spot emerging patterns. A contrasting integrated system for monitoring renal patients has led to dramatic improvements in survival rates and cost reductions in the United States.
(See Pollak,V. (1990) Report to the Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, July and Pollak V. and Lorsch J. (2001) "Effective Computerised Patient Record Improves Patient Well-Being and Financial Performance", Dialysis and Transplantation, Vol. 30, no 12, December 2001.)